Novedad bibliográficaInfoling 8.17 (2019)

Título:The Structure of Spoken Language
Subtítulo:Intonation in Romance
Autor/a:Martin, Philippe
Año de publicación:2019
Lugar de edición:Cambridge
Editorial:Cambridge University Press
DescripciónUsing an innovative approach, this book focuses on a widely debated area of phonetics and phonology: intonation, and specifically its relation to metrics, its interface with syntax, and whether it can be attributed more to phonetics or phonology, or equally to both.

Drawing on data from six Romance languages (French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan and Romanian), whose rich intonation patterns have long been of interest to linguists, Philippe Martin challenges the assumptions of traditional phonological approaches, and re-evaluates the data in favour of a new usage-based model of intonation. He proposes a unified description of the sentence prosodic structure, focusing on the dynamic and cognitive aspects of both production and perception of intonation in speech, leading to a unified grammar of Romance languages' sentence intonation.

This book will be welcomed by researchers and advanced students in phonetics and phonology.
- Challenges the assumptions of traditional phonological approaches, and re-evaluates the data in favour of a new usage-based model of intonation
- Draws on data from six Romance languages (French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan and Romanian)
- Proposes an integrated intonation grammar for all Romance languages, leading to meaningful applications in language teaching

Reviews & endorsements

"One of the leading scholars in the field of prosody presents his framework in this comprehensive book. The ‘incremental storage concatenation model' challenges the ‘autosegmental model' on the basis of large spoken corpora, looking at the Romance languages in particular, while also extending to English and Chinese Mandarin. An independent prosodic structure assembles the prosodic words into a hierarchy and predicts actual spontaneous speech data on the basis of a ‘dependency to the right' principle.'
Emanuela Cresti, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Italy

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Temática:Fonética, Fonología, Lingüística cognitiva, Lingüística de corpus, Lingüística románica, Pragmática, Semántica, Teorías lingüísticas
ÍndiceList of figures and maps page
List of tables
Key concepts

1 Introduction
The respiratory cycle
The source-filter model of phonation
Voiced and unvoiced speech sounds
Laryngeal frequency
Fundamental frequency and melodic curve
Spectrographic analysis
Syllabic duration
Syntax and prosody
The prosodic structure: the structure of spoken language
Stressed syllables
Intonation and syntax
Brain waves and prosody
A Copernican change
From laboratory to spontaneous speech
Reading and listening
Romance languages

2 The role of technological advances
The kymograph
The spectrograph
Fundamental frequency tracking
First results
Electroencephalography and brain waves
Transcription and alignment of speech

3 Transcription systems
Acoustic and perceived data
Obtaining data: pitch curves
Selecting data
Historical background
The AMPER project
The Prosogram
INTSINT and Momel
Transcription as theory
Perception and interpretation
A phonological transcription system

4 The Autosegmental-Metrical Prosodic Structure
A brief description
Applying the concept
Questions and remarks
The prosodic structure revisited

5 The Incremental Prosodic Structure
Melodic curves
The stress group
The prosodic word
Syllabic chunking
The time dimension
Conversion of syllabic chunks
The syllable in the stress group
The stress group in the sentence
Classes of conclusive contours
Basic modalities
Modality variants
Alternative questions
Iconicity of conclusive contours
Imperative contour
Implicative contour
Contour of surprise
Contour of doubt
The Incremental Prosodic Structure
Prosodic events
Prosodic phrasing
Differentiation in the time domain
Differentiation of prosodic events
The dynamic prosodic structure
The Incremental Storage-Concatenation process
Melodic contours features
One prosodic word
Two prosodic words
Three prosodic words ended with C0
Contrast of melodic slope
Three prosodic words ended with C1
Prosodic structure constraints
The arc accentuel in French
Stress clash
Minimum duration of prosodic words
Maximum duration of prosodic words
Word alignment
Syntactic clash
Experimental data
Brain waves and prosodic structure
Theta brain waves and the perception of syllables
Delta brain waves and stressed syllables
Delta brain waves frequency range
Prosodic structure constraints and brain waves
Stress groups and brain waves
Constraints revisited
Sequential sentence structuration by prosody and syntax
A simple example: telephone numbers

6 Lexical stress in Romance languages
Stress and accent
Stress in various languages
Stressed syllables in Latin
Stressed syllables in Romance languages (other than French)
Orthographic convention and homographs
Rules for word stress placement
A statistical approach
A phonological-phonetic approach
A phonological approach
A morphophonetic approach
A morphological approach
Secondary accent and arc accentuel
The groupe de sens…
Stress variations in Romance languages

7 The Incremental Prosodic Structure in six Romance languages
EuRom4 and EuRom5
The process of reading
Note on figures
The Incremental Storage-Concatenation process
The melodic contours of Romance languages
Processing prosodic information
Prosodic structures in Romance languages
Identification of prosodic contours
Complex contour
Experimental data
Sequences of two prosodic words
Sequences of three prosodic words
Sequences of four prosodic words and more
Coordination, enumeration, parenthesis
An example of AM prosodic analysis in French
An example of ISC prosodic processing in French

8 Macrosyntax
A first approach
Three current models for macrosyntax
The theory of la lingua in atto
Text macrosyntax and prosodic macrosyntax
Merging text and intonation
The prosodic eraser
Use of dysfluencies
Text and prosodic macrosegments
Examples of macrosyntactic analysis

9 Applications
Teaching French prosodic structure
Silent reading
Eye movement
Delta wave synchronization

10 Conclusion
Quotes from Frédéric Dard (San Antonio)

11 WinPitch
Sound recording made clear
Sound and video
Transcription and alignment on the fly
Data mining for large speech corpora
Acoustic analysis
Prosodic morphing
Automatic segmentation
Interface with other software


Analyzed corpora
Author index
Subject index
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Fecha de publicación en Infoling:26 de agosto de 2019