Novedad bibliográficaInfoling 12.19 (2020)
History and current affairs show that words matter - and change - because they are woven into our social and political lives. Words are weapons wielded by the powerful; they are also powerful tools for social resistance and for reimagining and reconfiguring social relations. Illustrated with topical examples, from racial slurs and sexual insults to preferred gender pronouns, from ethnic/racial group labels to presidential tweets, this book examines the social contexts which imbue words with potency. Exploring the role of language in three broad categories - establishing social identities, navigating social landscapes, and debating social and linguistic change - Sally McConnell-Ginet invites readers to examine critically their own ideas about language and its complicated connections to social conflict and transformation. Concrete and timely examples vividly illustrate the feedback loop between words and the world, shedding light on how and why words can matter.
- Keeps technical terminology and jargon to a minimum, making it accessible to a wide range of readers
- Uses many concrete and current examples, helping readers relate discussion to their own lives
- Avoids dogmatic prescriptions about what to say or not to say, allowing readers with different perspectives to engage with the book
1 Labeling: “What Are You, Anyway?”
Shifting Ethnic/Racial Labels for a Single Individual?
What Do Ethnic and Racial Identity Labels Label?
Deep Historical Antecedents to Recent Labeling Disputes: Latino vs Hispanic
Creating Labels to Mobilize Groups: The Case of Asian American
“My Mom Says It’s Not Polite to Call Someone Black”
Tracking People: Sex/Gender Labels
“One Name to Rule Them All”: Strategic Labeling Dances
Labeling vs Describing
2 Marking/Erasing: “Instead of Saying ‘Normal Americans,’ You Can Just Say ‘Americans’”
Marking and Erasing: First Pass
Us vs Them Marking
How Did English Man Lose Its Generic Inclusiveness?
Squeezing Marked Subcategory Members Out: Where Are the Women?
Who Is an ‘Unmarked’ – ‘Normal’ – American?
Modifiers and Marking
“Jocks, You’re Not Aware of It”: Becoming ‘Normal’ People
Trying to Mark Dominant Groups: The Politics of Cisgender and Its Kin
3 Generalizing: “All the Women Are White, All the Blacks Are Men, but Some of Us Are Brave”
Implicit Stereotypes and Prejudices
Black Lives Matter . . . Or Should!
Quantificational Generalizing: Who Counts?
Generic Generalizations: When Do They Essentialize?
4 Addressing: “All Right, My Man . . . Keep Your Hands on the Steering Wheel”
Power and Solidarity
English Address (and Reference) Resources
Naming, Nicknaming, and Authority
Being (In)Considerate, (Dis)Respectful, (Im)Polite
5 Putting Down: “[They] Aren’t People – They’re Animals”
“Words Will Never Hurt Me”
Malevolent Metaphorical Moves
Escalating Language Games
S-Words Nearer to My Home
Native American Team Names and Mascots: “In Whose Honor?”
Slurs Targeting Women
Other Insults and (Apparent) Name-Calling
Reclamation: A Success Story?
6 Reforming/Resisting: “It’s Like a Kind of Sexual Racism”
The Birth of Sexism
Reshaping Existing Linguistic Resources: The Case of Racism and Racist
Is It About Language? Redefining Rape
Preferred Gender Pronouns
Euphemism vs “Identity-Affirmation” or “Correction”
7 Authorizing: “When I Use a Word It Means Just What I Choose It to Mean . . . [But Who] Is to Be Master?”
Division of Linguistic Labor: Expertise
Dueling Experts: The Pluto Wars
Courts Authorizing Meanings: Fruit and Marriage
Inclusive Language Guidelines: Prescribing and Proscribing
Politically Correct (PC): Virtue-Signaling and Mockery
Empowering First-Person Semantic Authority
Communities Are the Ultimate Semantic Authorities
Does It Seem Crazy? Why?
Using Language Recommendations to Expand Minds
Typographical Distinctions: Boundary-Policing and Dog-Whistling
“Why Don’t You Go Back Where You Came From?”
Framing the Free Speech Debate
Linguistic Change Can Be Painful
Búsquedas a partir del año 1998: