Novedad bibliográficaInfoling 5.43 (2019)

Autores/as: Pustejovsky, James; Batiukova, Olga
Título: The Lexicon
Año de publicación: 2019
Lugar de edición: Cambridge, New York
Editorial: Cambridge University Press

What is the lexicon, what does it contain, and how is it structured? What principles determine the functioning of the lexicon as a component of natural language grammar? What role does lexical information play in linguistic theory? This accessible introduction aims to answer these questions, and explores the relation of the lexicon to grammar as a whole. It includes a critical overview of major theoretical frameworks, and puts forward a unified treatment of lexical structure and design. The text can be used for introductory and advanced courses, and for courses that touch upon different aspects of the lexicon, such as lexical semantics, lexicography, syntax, general linguistics, computational lexicology and ontology design. The book provides students with a set of tools which will enable them to work with lexical data for all kinds of purposes, including an abundance of exercises and in-class activities designed to ensure that students are actively engaged with the content and effectively acquire the necessary knowledge and skills they need.

Temática: Lexicografía, Lexicología, Semántica, Sintaxis


PART I: The Lexicon in Linguistic Theory

List of figures
List of tables

Chapter 1 Introduction
1.1 Overview
1.2 What Is the Lexicon?
1.3 What Is a Word?
1.4 Lexeme, Word Form, and Grammatical Word
1.5 What Is in a Lexical Entry?
1.6 The Role of Empirical Data in Lexicon Research
1.6.1 Naturally Occurring Data
1.6.2 Naturally Elicited Data
1.6.3 Experimentally Elicited Data
1.6.4 Data in the Linguistic Research Cycle
1.7 Goals of Linguistic Theory and the Notion of Grammar
1.8 Summary
1.9 Further Readings
1.10 Exercises

Chapter 2 Lexicon and Syntax
2.1 Overview
2.2 What Is Syntax?
2.3 Syntactically Relevant Lexical Features and Lexically Dependent Syntactic Phenomena
2.3.1 Syntactic Category
2.3.2 Semantic Features and Semantic Types
2.3.3 Countability
2.3.4 The Interaction of Lexical Features
2.4 Summary
2.5 Further Readings
2.6 Exercises

Chapter 3 Lexicon in Syntactic Frameworks
3.1 Overview
3.2 The Lexicon from Aristotle to Structuralism
3.3 Generative Grammar
3.4 Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar (HPSG)
3.5 Lexical–Functional Grammar (LFG)
3.6 Construction Grammar
3.7 Lexicon in Its Own Right: Generative Lexicon
3.8 Summary
3.9 Further Readings
3.10 Exercises

Chapter 4 Lexicon and Semantics
4.1 Overview
4.2 What Is Semantics?
4.2.1 Sentence Meaning and Inference
4.2.2 Word Meaning and Lexical Relations
4.3 Conceptual Meaning
4.3.1 Referential Models of Semantics
4.3.2 Representational Theories of Meaning
4.3.3 Rich Denotational Models of Semantics
4.4 Associative or Connotative Meaning
4.5 Literal and Non-Literal Meaning
4.6 Summary
4.7 Further Readings
4.8 Exercises

Chapter 5 Lexicon in Semantic Frameworks
5.1 Overview
5.2 Formal Semantics
5.3 Conceptual Semantics
5.4 Cognitive Linguistics
5.5 Prototype Theory
5.6 Natural Semantic Metalanguage
5.7 Summary
5.8 Further Readings
5.9 Exercises

PART II Lexical Structures

Chapter 6 The Structure of a Lexical Entry
6.1 Overview
6.2 Linguistic versus Extralinguistic Knowledge in the Lexical Entry
6.2.1 Conventional Dictionary Definitions and Their Types
6.3 Linguistic Structures
6.3.1 Typed Feature Structure
6.3.2 Argument Structure and Predication
6.3.3 Event Structure
6.3.4 Qualia Structure
6.4 Conceptual Structures
6.4.1 Image Schemas
6.4.2 Frames and Scenes
6.4.3 Conventionalized Attributes
6.5 Properties of Lexical Entries
6.5.1 Ambiguity, Polysemy, and Homonymy
6.5.2 Vagueness and Underspecification
6.6 Summary
6.7 Further Readings
6.8 Exercises

Chapter 7 Semantic Typing and Decomposition
7.1 Overview
7.2 Strategies for Lexical Decomposition
7.3 Semantic Types
7.4 Qualia Structure As Semantic Types
7.4.1 Natural Types and Artifactual Types
7.4.2 Complex Types
7.5 Summary
7.6 Further Readings
7.7 Exercises

Chapter 8 Argument Structure
8.1 Overview
8.2 The Basics of Function–Argument Behavior
8.2.1 Formalizing Argument Structure
8.2.2 Argument Structure and Lexical Meaning in the Predicate
8.2.3 Arguments and Adjuncts
8.2.4 Unexpressed Arguments
8.3 Argument Structure in Verbs
8.3.1 Semantic Roles and Related Notions
8.3.2 Verbal Valence
8.4 Argument Structure in Nouns
8.5 Argument Structure in Adjectives
8.6 Argument Structure in Prepositions
8.7 Summary
8.8 Further Readings
8.9 Exercises

Chapter 9 Lexical Aspect, Tense, and Modality
9.1 Overview
9.2 Events As Arguments of Natural Language Predicates
9.3 Internal Temporal Makeup of Events: Event Structure
9.3.1 Perspectives on Event Decomposition and Event Structure
9.3.2 Event Type as a Property of Phrases and Sentences
9.3.3 Event Type Diagnostics
9.3.4 Eventive Readings of Nouns and Adjectives
9.4 Tense–Aspect Details
9.5 Modality
9.6 Summary
9.7 Further Readings
9.8 Exercises

PART III Lexicon As a System

Chapter 10 General Architecture of the Lexicon
10.1 Overview
10.2 Lexical Architecture
10.3 Syntactic Type Hierarchy
10.4 Semantic Type Hierarchy
10.5 Lexical-Semantic Relations
10.6 Morphology and Word Structure
10.7 Summary
10.8 Further Readings
10.9 Exercises

Chapter 11 Compositionality in the Mapping from the Lexicon to Syntax
11.1 Overview
11.2 The Basics of Compositionality
11.3 Apparent Violations of Compositionality
11.4 Main Approaches to Compositionality
11.5 Non-Compositional Constructions
11.6 The Lexicon and Grammar: Outstanding Problems
11.7 Summary
11.8 Further Readings
11.9 Exercises

Answers to Selected Exercises
Online Resources
Subject Index
Name Index

Colección: Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics
Formato: Paperback
Págs.: 422
ISBN-13: 9780521839327
Precio: 31,54 EUR
Otros formatos:
Formato: Hardback
Págs.: 422
ISBN-13: 9780521547956
Precio: 97,09 EUR

Remitente: Olga Batiukova
Institución: Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
Correo-e: <>
Fecha: 14 de mayo de 2019

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