RevistaInfoling 7.48 (2017)

Título:Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Año de publicación:2016
DescripciónSeana Coulson & Vicky T. Lai, eds. The Metaphorical Brain.

Metaphor has been an issue of intense research and debate for decades. Researchers in various disciplines, including linguistics, psychology, computer science, education, and philosophy have developed a variety of theories, and much progress has been made. For one, metaphor is no longer considered a rhetorical flourish that is found mainly in literary texts. Rather, linguists have shown that metaphor is a pervasive phenomenon in everyday language, a major force in the development of new word meanings, and the source of at least some grammatical function words. Indeed, one of the most influential theories of metaphor involves the suggestion that the commonality of metaphoric language results because cross-domain mappings are a major determinant in the organization of semantic memory, as cognitive and neural resources for dealing with concrete domains are recruited for the conceptualization of more abstract ones. Researchers in cognitive neuroscience have explored whether particular kinds of brain damage are associated with metaphor production and comprehension deficits, and whether similar brain regions are recruited when healthy adults understand the literal and metaphorical meanings of the same words. Whereas early research on this topic focused on the issue of the role of hemispheric asymmetry in the comprehension and production of metaphors, in recent years cognitive neuroscientists have argued that metaphor is not a monolithic category, and that metaphor processing varies as a function of numerous factors, including the novelty or conventionality of a particular metaphoric expression, its part of speech, and the extent of contextual support for the metaphoric meaning. Moreover, recent developments in cognitive neuroscience point to a sensorimotor basis for many concrete concepts, and raise the issue of whether these mechanisms are ever recruited to process more abstract domains.

In order to promote the development of the neuroscientific investigation of metaphor, this Frontiers Research Topic aims at bringing together contributions from researchers in cognitive neuroscience and related fields, whose work involves the study of metaphor in language and thought. Specifically, this Research Topic will adopt an interdisciplinary perspective on the cognitive and neural basis of metaphor production and comprehension. Here, an important focal point will be to characterize the underlying processes and mechanisms involved in metaphoric language and identify their relationship, if any, to those involved in the organization of semantic memory. For this Research Topic, we, therefore, solicit original research articles, reviews, opinion and method papers, that investigate the cognitive neuroscience of metaphor. While focusing on work in the neurosciences, this Research Topic also welcomes contributions in the form of behavioral studies, psychophysiological investigations, methodological innovations, computational approaches, along with developmental and patient studies that revisit established findings and explore new questions about the neural basis of metaphor.

More info:
ÍndiceEditorial: The Metaphorical Brain
Seana Coulson and Vicky T. Lai

Figurative language processing in atypical populations: The ASD perspective
Mila Vulchanova, David Saldaña, Sobh Chahboun and Valentin Vulchanov

Flying under the radar: Figurative language impairments in focal lesion patients
Geena R. Ianni, Eileen R. Cardillo, Marguerite McQuire and Anjan Chatterjee

Familiarity differentially affects right hemisphere contributions to processing metaphors and literals
Vicky T. Lai, Wessel van Dam, Lisa L. Conant, Jeffrey R. Binder and Rutvik H. Desai

Rigidity, chaos and integration: hemispheric interaction and individual differences in metaphor comprehension
Miriam Faust and Yoed N. Kenett

The role of the precuneus in metaphor comprehension: Evidence from an fMRI study in people with schizophrenia and healthy participants
Nira Mashal, Tali Vishne and Nathaniel Laor

Is the comprehension of idiomatic sentences indeed impaired in paranoid Schizophrenia? A window into semantic processing deficits
Francesca Pesciarelli, Tania Gamberoni, Fabio Ferlazzo, Leo Lo Russo, Francesca Pedrazzi, Ermanno Melati and Cristina Cacciari

Individual differences in executive control relate to metaphor processing: An eye movement study of sentence reading
Georgie Columbus, Naveed A. Sheikh, Marilena Côté-Lecaldare, Katja Häuser, Shari R. Baum and Debra Titone

The importance of being apt: Metaphor comprehension in Alzheimer’s disease
Carlos Roncero and Roberto G. de Almeida

Metaphors are physical and abstract: ERPs to metaphorically modified nouns resemble ERPs to abstract language
Bálint Forgács, Megan D. Bardolph, Ben D. Amsel, Katherine A. DeLong and Marta Kutas

The role of literal meaning in figurative language comprehension: Evidence from masked priming ERP
Hanna Weiland, Valentina Bambini and Petra B. Schumacher

Mapping the brain’s metaphor circuitry: Metaphorical thought in everyday reason
George Lakoff

Auditory and motion metaphors have different scalp distributions: An ERP study
Gwenda L. Schmidt-Snoek, Ashley R. Drew, Elizabeth C. Barile and Stephen J. Agauas

Action verbs are processed differently in metaphorical and literal sentences depending on the semantic match of visual primes
Melissa Troyer, Lauren B. Curley, Luke E. Miller, Ayse P. Saygin and Benjamin K. Bergen

How vertical hand movements impact brain activity elicited by literally and metaphorically related words: an ERP study of embodied metaphor
Megan Bardolph and Seana Coulson
Área temática:Ciencia cognitiva, Lingüística cognitiva, Neurolingüística, Psicolingüística, Semántica
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Fecha de publicación en Infoling:24 de julio de 2017

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