Novedad bibliográficaInfoling 6.60 (2017)

Título:Linguistic Viewpoint in Crime News Narratives
Autor/a:van Krieken, Kobie
Año de publicación:2017
Lugar de edición:Utrecht (The Netherlands)
Editorial:Landelijke Onderzoekschool Taalwetenschap (LOT) / The Netherlands National Graduate School of Linguistics
DescripciónIn the coverage of criminal events, newspapers often publish narratives which combine characteristics of journalistic discourse with elements of literary fiction. The function of these stories is not so much to inform readers about what happened, but to create an immersive reading experience. How does the language of crime news narratives contribute to this function? And what is the impact of such stories on the audience? This dissertation adopts a multi-method approach to answer these questions.

Building on Mental Space Theory and Conceptual Blending Theory, this thesis develops a cognitive linguistic model of narrative news discourse. The model is used to analyze the linguistic manifestation of viewpoint in news narratives in qualitative and quantitative ways.

Findings of the various studies show how news narratives make strategic use of grammar, referential expressions, tense, and implicit viewpoints to describe criminal events from the perceptual and psychological viewpoints of eyewitnesses. Speech and thought reports are found to function either as a means to dramatize the narratives or as a strategy to legitimize the narrative reconstruction of reality. A diachronic corpus analysis reveals that the dominant function of discourse reports has shifted over time from dramatization to legitimization. Finally, an experimental study indicates that crime news narratives enable readers to take the position of a mediated witness and virtually experience the crime from up close.

This book is of interest to scholars in the fields of cognitive linguistics, journalism studies, narratology, stylistics, and communication studies.

More information:
Temática:Análisis del discurso, Lingüística cognitiva, Pragmática
ÍndiceChapter 1. General Introduction
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Narrative journalism
1.2.1 A Definition
1.2.2 A Brief History
1.3 Narrative Journalism in the Netherlands
1.4 Form and Function of News Narratives
1.5 Viewpoint in Narrative Discourse
1.5.1 Narratological Approaches to Viewpoint
1.5.2 Linguistic Approaches to Viewpoint Viewpoint in Cognitive Linguistics Linguistic Viewpoint in Narratives
1.6 Diachronic Developments in Narrative News Discourse
1.7 Impact of News Narratives
1.7.1 Transportation
1.7.2 Narrative Engagement
1.8 Overview of this Thesis 3 1

Chapter 2. Framing Narrative Journalism as a New Genre
2.1 Introduction
2.1.1 Research on Narrative Journalism
2.1.2 Narrative Journalism in the Netherlands
2.2 Study
2.2.1 Public Expressions
2.2.2 Interviews Materials and Participants Procedure
2.3 Analysis
2.4 Results
2.4.1 Frames in Public Discourse
2.4.2 Frames in Interviews
2.5 Conclusions
Appendix 2A Overview of Interviews

Chapter 3 Grammatical Roles and Referential Expressions in Crime News Narratives
3.1 Introduction
3.1.1 Linguistic Approaches to Viewpoint Representation in Journalism
3.1.2 Grammatical Roles, Referential Expressions, and Viewpoint Representation Grammatical Roles Referential Expressions Hypotheses
3.2 Study
3.2.1 Materials
3.2.2 Analysis
3.3 Findings
3.4 Conclusion
3.5 Discussion
Appendix 3A Pairwise Comparisons Using the Marascuilo Procedure

Chapter 4. A Cognitive Linguistic Model of Narrative News Discourse
4.1 Introduction
4.1.1 Journalistic Narratives: Reconstructing Reality
4.1.2 Narrative Discourse: Constructing Realities
4.1.3 A Model for the Cognitive Linguistic Analysis of Journalistic Narratives
4.2 Materials
4.3 Analyses
4.3.1 Episode Analysis and Embedding of Source Viewpoint-spaces
4.3.2 Viewpoint Blending
4.3.3 Narrative-External Discourse Space
4.4 Conclusion and Discussion
Appendix 4A Original Excerpts in Dutch

Chapter 5. Diachronic Changes in Forms and Functions of Reported Discourse in News Narratives
5.1 Introduction
5.1.1 Forms and Functions of Reported Discourse in News Narratives Modes of Reported Discourse Spatiotemporal Anchoring of Discourse Reports
5.1.2 Historical Development of Reported Discourse
5.2 Method
5.2.1 Corpus Construction
5.2.2 Corpus Descriptives
5.2.3 Analysis
5.2.4 Procedure and Intercoder Reliability
5.3 Results
5.3.1 General Findings
5.3.2 Diachronic Developments in the Functions of Reported Discourse
5.4 Conclusion and Discussion
Appendix 5A Original Excerpts in Dutch
Appendix 5B Code Book

Chapter 6 The Engaging Effects of Crime News Narratives
6.1 Introduction
6.1.1 Effects of Journalistic Narratives
6.1.2 Narrative Engagement
6.2 Method
6.2.1 Stimulus Materials
6.2.2 Participants and Procedure
6.2.3 Design
6.2.4 Measures
6.3 Results
6.4 Conclusion and Discussion
Appendix 6A Results of the Principal Axis Factor Analysis

Chapter 7 General Discussion
7.1 Main Conclusions
7.2 Discussion of Findings
7.2.1 Implications for Cognitive Text Linguistics
7.2.2 Implications for Journalism and Discourse Studies
7.2.3 Implications for Communication Studies
7.3 Directions for Future Research
7.4 Assessing the Dynamics of Narrative Engagement

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Fecha de publicación en Infoling:19 de junio de 2017

Novedades bibliográficas: desde 2010