New Dissertation/ThesisInfoling 9.24 (2017)

Author: Pérez, Marilola
Date Defended: 2015
Title: Cavite Chabacano Philippine Creole Spanish: Description and Typology
Advisor/Supervisor: Lev D. Michael
Additional Committee Members: Richard A. Rhodes, William F. Hanks
University/College: University of California at Berkeley
Department: Department of Linguistics
Country: United States
Abstract or Summary

This dissertation provides a grammatical description and sociohistorical account of the Cavite variety of Philippine Creole Spanish (PCS), also known as Cavite Chabacano (CC); and analyzes how this language informs standard typological characterizations of contact languages. CC is one of three surviving varieties of Chabacano, a Spanish-lexified contact language of the Philippines. The unique status of Chabacano as the only Spanish-lexified creole in Asia presents a number of typological challenges to standard views of colonial contact languages based on prototypical plantation creoles. Most work on Chabacano assumes that it is a creole language, and only a few recent works on the Zamboanga variety of Chabacano have questioned this classification. The current work reexamines the status of Chabacano as a creole language by providing linguistic data from an understudied Chabacano variety and examining it from a typological perspective.

On the descriptive front, the dissertation provides a sketch grammar that constitutes the most complete description of the language to this date. The linguistic description is supplemented with a sociohistorical reconstruction that proposes different stages in the development of CC: an initial period of koineization, a period of hispanization or ‘decreolization’, and a latter period in which more Tagalog forms were incorporated from the adstrate. Comparative linguistic evidence from CC and two other Chabacano varieties supports this account.

The latter part of the dissertation evaluates the CC using typological accounts of contact languages. It is argued that the language poses two main challenges to previous models of language contact outcomes; first, it shows continuity between the lexifier and the creole, and second, it shows that the language's classification into a category such as koiné or creole may shift during the development of the language. A model of radial categories (Lakoff 1987) is suggested as an alternative to more restrictive categorizations of language contact outcome.

Subject Area(s): Historical linguistics, Sociolinguistics, Varieties of Spanish

Table of Contents

List of Figures
List of Tables
List of Maps

Chapter 1: Introduction
1.1. Topics and aims of the dissertation
1.2. Organization of the dissertation
1.3 Overview of the Chabacano varieties
1.4. Cavite
1.4.1 Pre-Hispanic Cavite
1.4.2 Early Settlements
1.4.3 The Manila-Acapulco galleon trade
1.4.4 Social class and demographics in the late Spanish period
1.4.5 Cavite after the Americans
1.5 Previous Chabacano research

Chapter 2: Ibero-Creoles Survey
2.2 Portuguese creoles
2.2.1 Africa
2.2.2 South Asia
2.2.3 South East Portuguese Contact languages
2.3 Spanish contact varieties
2.3.1 Papiamentu (PA)
2.3.2 Palenquero (Lengua) (PAL)
2.3.3 Philippine Spanish Creole (PCS) (Chabacano)
2.4 Conclusion of Chapter

Chapter 3: Grammar Sketch
3.1 Methods
3.1.2 Fieldwork and language consultants
3.1.3 Overview of the Language Consultants
3.1.4 Transcriptions and orthography
3.1.5 Texts
3.2 Grammar Sketch
3.2.1 Sound System
3.2.2 Syllables
3.2.3 Prosody/stress
3.2.4 Lexicon
3.2.5 Word-formation processes
3.2.6 The noun phrase
3.2.7 Comparatives and Superlatives
3.2.8 Possession
3.2.9 Simple Clauses
3.2.10 Basic constituent order
3.2.11 Existentials
3.2.12 Interrogatives
3.2.13 Negation
3.2.16 Grammatical Relations
3.2.15 Clause Combination
3.3. Conclusion of Chapter

Chapter 4: The genesis and development of Cavite Chabacano
4.1. Introduction of the chapter
4.2. Theories of the development of Chabacano
4.2.1. Whinnom (1956) and the monogenesis theory
4.2.2. Polygenesis
4.2.3. Weaknesses of the monogenesis theory
4.2.4. Weaknesses of the polygenesis theory
4.3 Revisiting the origins and development of Chabacano
4.4 Similarities between Chabacano and Kristang
4.5 Relexification and ‘decreolization’ of Cavite Chabacano
4.6. Filipinization
4.7. Conclusion of Chapter

Chapter 5: Language Contact Outcomes
5.1 Introduction
5.2. Language contact outcomes: the standard view
5.2.1 Pidgins and creoles
5.2.2 Mixed Languages
5.3. Accounting for variation in CC
5.4. Revisiting a typology of language-contact outcomes
5.5 Conclusion

Chapter 6: Conclusion
6.1 Conclusion


Number of Pages: 190
Author's Email Address: <>

Submitted By: Infoling   <>
Submission Date: September 13, 2017

With support from:
Editorial Arco Libros

© Infoling 1996-2017. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 1576-3404
Logo image by Hay Kranen / CC-BY